Race, Gender, Ethnicity and Economic Damages
How Can We Avoid Reducing Economic Damages Due To One’s Race, Gender, Or Ethnicity?
What Are Reparations? Why Are They Necessary? How Are They Calculated?
- consider the issues of bias and historical discrimination in the financial calculations in “jury awards”
- address historical and current differences in income and wealth due to race, gender, and ethnicity.
- how to calculate damages when we cannot use race, gender, and ethnicity in the calculations of civil awards; and
- how to estimate the “reparations bill;” and
- how to design reparations programs.
Four relatively recent actions in the long history of reparations for African Americans include:
- Hearings held by the U.S. Congress in June 2019 on H.R. 40 would establish a Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act. This bill was introduced on January 1, 2019.
- The Ashville, NC City Council, on July 14, 2020, passed a reparations bill. The measure provides funding to promote homeownership and business opportunities but stopped short of stipulating direct payments.
- California Gavin Newsom signed Governor signs AB 3121 on 09/30/2020, which established a first-in-the-nation task force to study and make recommendations on slavery reparations.
- Washington DC Councilmember Kenyan R. McDuffie, on 10/6/2020, introduced the Reparations Task Force Establishment Act of 2020 and the Sense of the Council to Declare Racism A Public Health Crisis in the District of Columbia Resolution of 2020.
Here, the key policy issue is how to significantly close racial income and wealth gaps, thereby reducing other social and physical disparities.